Questions around the safety in Nicaragua always arise when you talk to friends and family about retiring there. Isn’t the country ruled by a dictator? Is it politically stable?
Those types of questions are understandable. After all, Daniel Ortega, the infamous Nicaraguan Sandinista leader, was re-elected in 2006, 2011 and again in 2016.
Here’s a snapshot of the current political climate (from my point of view, after moving here in 2010): After
the 2006 election, real estate prices plummeted and foreign investors feared
for the worst. But once that initial period of panic was over, the Nicaraguan
constitutional democracy has been as peaceful and stable as before.
While President Ortega has not fully lived up to his promises of creating new jobs and fostering economic growth, he has achieved some positive developments, like re-establishing free education and health services.
One of his pet projects, the construction of the controversial Nicaraguan canal, has certainly brought the country international attention. Only time will tell if the China-funded mega project will indeed be realized, and in what time frame.
By 2018, five years after Hong Kong-based HKND (HK Nicaragua Canal Development) Group won the government contract to build the canal, not much progress can be seen.
Nicaragua is reportedly one of the safest of all Central American countries today, at least according to a report from INCAE, the Harvard Business School affiliate in Managua.
A global study about homicide rates conducted by UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) ranks Nicaragua at the second lowest rate amongst Central American countries.
Its homicide rate of 11.49 per 100,000 people is just behind Panama's rate of 11.38. Costa Rica's rate is slightly higher with 11.77 (in comparison, United States has a rate of 4.88, Canada 1.68 and Spain 0.66).
Despite its relatively low Central American crime rate, Nicaragua does experience both violent and nonviolent crimes (predominantly thefts and robberies). Main crime areas are Managua, the capital city, and the major tourist areas, San Juan del Sur, Granada, Masaya, León and Corn Islands.
Police coverage in rural areas is extremely sparse, and even in the cities the police force is often badly equipped. For example, I’ve heard stories about police officers being picked up in private vehicles because their police cars had run out of gas.
Robbery accounted for 75% of all violent crime reported in 2014 (OSAC Nicaragua Crime and Safety Report, 2015). While many of the perpetrators possessed a weapon, fortunately only a third of them used it. Most of the burglaries occurred at night and in either commercial districts or tourist areas.
The report also noted that car heists and thefts of vehicle parts were the most frequent examples of nonviolent crimes. They often happen during daytime and especially in situations where the driver is distracted by a flat tire.
Another concern is petty theft and bag snatching. These crimes target both pedestrians and car passengers. For example, a thief will try to reach through an open window or unlocked door as a car stops at a traffic light.
Although Nicaragua is a much safer place than most of its neighboring countries, and definitely safer than its reputation, there are some things you should keep in mind for your safety in Nicaragua: