Weather in Nicaragua

How is the weather in Nicaragua? This is for sure a question you'll ask if you consider to retire in Nicaragua.

The answer is: hot and dry or hot and humid, depending what time of the year it is.  Like most tropical countries, the  Nicaragua weather is divided into a dry season or summer ("verano") and a raining season or winter ("invierno").

During the dry season from November to May, the Pacific lowlands loose their lush green colour and become pretty yellowish and dusty.  In Managua, the difference in rainfall between dry and rainy season is astounding. According to, the average rainfall is about 100 times higher during September / October than during January / February (about 300 mm or 12 in versus 3 mm or 0.1 in). This prolonged drought with almost no rainfall is one of the country's most serious economic problems to tackle.

If you want to "test drive" Nicaragua for your retirement, we recommend visiting at the end of the dry season (March to mid April), as this is when the blowing dust and smoke from the farmlands combine with temperatures in the high 30s (90s F). If you can stand this time of the year, you'll love the rest of it :-) -

Dry Season in Nicaragua
Nicaragua Rainy Season
Dry Season in Nicaragua
Nicaragua Rainy Season
Nicaragua Dry Season
Nicaragua Rainy Season

I took the pictures in the left column mid of April, towards the end of the dry season. Everything's yellowish and many trees have shed their leaves.

And this is how the landscape changes during the rainy season. The pictures show roughly the same spots as the ones to their left. What a difference!

Similar to Panama, the Caribbean coast receives a lot more rain than the Pacific coast. Whereas the yearly average along the Pacific is 102 cm (40 in), the Caribbean or "Mosquito" coast can have as much as 254 - 635 cm (100 - 250 in) of rainfall per year.

Nicaragua has three temperature zones, defined by altitude: the lowlands or coastal regions, the central part and the mountains in the North. Average temperature in the lowlands lies between 22°C (72°F) at night and 30°C (86°F) during day time. During the hottest months of April and May, temperatures can reach 38°C (100°F). In the slightly higher central region average temperatures are about 5°C (9°F) lower, and in the mountainous North about 10°C (18°F) lower.

If you are used to the mountain breezes of San José, Costa Rica, the Nicaragua climate will seem hot to you. If you are used to the frigid Januaries of New York, Munich or Montreal, it will seem like heaven!

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